Air Traffic Service (ATS)
The area of responsibility of ATS units at Odesa Regional Branch, UkSATSE, covers the airspace over Odesa, Mykolaiv regions, a part of Kherson region as well as a part over the Black Sea, where the responsibility for air traffic services provision is delegated to Ukraine according to the international agreements, and totals 171,014 sq. km.
Odesa Area Control Centre (ACC) provides area control service, approach control service, flight information service and emergency service. The airspace of Odesa flight information region (FIR) is divided into 6 CTA sectors, 2 TMA sectors and a sector of flight information service. The sectors configuration can be changed to make air traffic controller workload more even and maintain the speedy and orderly air traffic flow depending on its volume.
Odesa ACC adjoins the following ACCs:
- Ankara ACC (Turkey)
- Sofia ACC (Bulgaria)
- Bucharest ACC (Romania)
- Kishinev ACC (Moldova)
- Kyiv ACC
- Dnipro ACC
Co-operation between ATS units of the Ukrainian ACCs and ACCs of adjacent States is regulated by Letters of Agreement (LoA).
To ensure the automated co-ordination of transfer of control between adjacent ATS units the Eurocontrol standard On-Line Data Interchange (OLDI), Edition 2.3, is applied.
Air traffic services at the aerodromes of “Odessa”, “Kherson” and “Mykolaiv” are provided by Aerodrome Control Towers (TWR); the following services are provided: air traffic control, flight information service, emergency service and pre-flight information service.
Communication between ATS units of ACCs and TWRs in Ukraine is regulated by the Communication Protocols.
Since February 06, 2014, at the aerodrome of Odesa the ICAO RNAV 1 (P-RNAV) approach and departure procedures have been implemented..
Flow management position (FMP)
Flow management position (FMP) monitors air traffic flows and analyzes the workload of ATS sectors and aerodromes in relation to the appropriate capacity to define the necessity of ATFM measures.
Airspace Management Group (ASM)
Military personnel of Airspace Management Group provide the compliance with rules and procedures of the flexible use of airspace. Furthermore, they carry out planning and coordination, develop and implement restrictions for airspace use; arrange and fulfil cooperation with adjacent ATS units, Ukraerocenter, relevant supervisory units of the Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and ATC units. Tasks allotted upon the military personnel are performed through the use of the Airspace Management Support System (ASM Support System), developed by Ukraerocenter’s leading experts.
Meteorological air navigation service
En-route meteorological service for air navigation is provided by ACC meteorological service group pursuant to the current Rules of meteorological support for aviation. Collection, analysis and delivery of meteorological information to the ATC staff of ACC are performed by means of the Central Meteorological Air Navigation Service System (CMASS) that uses the Satellite Distribution System (SADIS) for aviation purposes.
On November 14, 2012, the Automated Pre-flight Meteorological Information System (ACMET) was put into operation in the Briefing Office of Odesa aerodrome, which enables aircraft operators and crews to access the permanently updated meteorological data bases and conduct the pre-flight weather self-briefing.
VHF radio communications of ATIS type are also prepared and broadcasted at Odesa aerodrome.
Communication, navigation and surveillance (CNS)
Modernization and equipment
Air traffic service is provided with the help of the air traffic control system, modern radar and communication equipment by Ukrainian and foreign manufacturers employing state-of-the-art technologies and procedures. The personnel of Odesa Regional Branch exert reasonable efforts to provide the European level of air traffic service. Reconstruction and re-equipment as well as implementation of up-to-date communication, navigation and surveillance systems are regularly performed at working positions of ATS Units and CNS sites.
In 2000, Anastia-2 Air Traffic Control System was put into operation. It was produced by Aerotekhnika Research and Production Company (Ukraine).
Anastasiya-2 ATC System is designated for receipt, processing and display of radar, direction-finding, plan and other information to manage and automate the air traffic control processes within the area of responsibility of Odesa RB.
Aeronautical telecommunication radio stations as well as VHF transceivers have been employed to provide radio communication between air traffic controllers of ATS units and aircraft crews.
Azimuth and long-range radio beacons of the VOR and DME Systems, Non-Directional Beacons (NDB) and Automatic Direction Finders (ADF) have been used to provide aircraft crews with radio navigation during flights on routes and during landing.
En-route primary surveillance radars, en-route secondary surveillance radars and aerodrome surveillance radars have been used for aircraft surveillance in the areas of responsibility of ATS units, for receipt of information on aircraft location in the process of air traffic control and for the transfer of the appropriate radar information to the ATC System.
All parameters of communication, navigation and surveillance systems are fully compliant with international standards. The arrangement of backup systems provides the due level of operation reliability.
The state-of-the-art Voice Communication System has been implemented in recent years. Power supply and communication systems, as well as air traffic controller working positions have been consistently upgraded.
The gradual enhancement of the Anastasia-2 ATC System is performed year by year.
In 2009, Tower working positions of the Anastasia-2 ATC System, manufactured by Aerotekhnika Research and Production Company (Ukraine), were put into operation; they are designated to automate air and surface traffic control of aircraft and surface traffic control of aerodrome vehicles.
On May 20, 2009, SADIS-assisted automation centres of the Central Meteorological Air Navigation Service System (CMASS) were implemented in all UkSATSE regional branches, including Odesa RB. The use of this System resolves the issue of efficient delivery of meteorological information to controllers' working positions in the Area Control Centre in the real-time mode as well as in standard formats and data exchange protocols that are used worldwide.
In 2010, remote working positions of UkSATSE Airspace Management Support System (ASM Support System) were put into operation in the ACC to provide a sufficient automation level of planning, coordination and monitoring procedures of airspace use, as well as to exchange the respective information between the ACC and Ukraerocenter.
ATCR-33S/SIR-S Aerodrome Surveillance Radar in which radar Mode S was implemented was deployed in 2010 securing the high precision of radar information. It is a modern aerodrome radar employing the state-of-the-art radar surveillance and radio electronics technologies.
The Aeronautical telecommunication retransmitter was created and commissioned in 2010 in the town of Izmail.
In 2010-2011, the Backbone Telecommunications Network Centre was put into operation to combine data from different networks (voice, surveillance data etc.) and automatically back up channels and hardware.
In 2011, a tower control unit simulator with aerodrome traffic display (3D-TOWER) was commissioned, enabling to provide training for TWR air traffic controllers at a higher quality level.
In 2011, specialized updated mathematical software was deployed for Anastasia-2 ATC System of Odesa ACC pertinent to the use of P-RNAV procedures.
On November 07, 2011, the equipment of a remote automated controller working position for flight information service of the ACC Airspace Management Support System was put into operation.
On December 14, 2011, the Automatic Terminal Information System (ATIS) was implemented, which provides uninterrupted cyclic broadcasting of messages in Russian and English in the automatic mode on two aeronautical telecommunication frequencies at Odesa aerodrome.
On January 19, 2012, the upgraded equipment of working positions of Air Traffic Flow Management of FMP was commissioned.
In order to provide aeronautical telecommunication in Odesa ACC and TWR, new receiving and transmitting aeronautical telecommunication radio centres as well as modern equipment of the back-up VHF aeronautical telecommunication system (LRS), manufactured by Rohde&Schwarz (Germany), were commissioned in November 2012.
On November 12, 2012, the upgraded software in flight data processing systems was implemented due to the introduction of a new ICAO flight plan format (FPL 2012).
The equipment and software of SADIS-assisted Central Meteorological Air Navigation Service System (ASMET) was also commissioned on November 12, 2012.
On December 29, 2012, the equipment and software of the system analyzing the radar data received from the ATCR-33S/SIR-S Aerodrome Surveillance Radar, deployed at Odesa RB, was put into operation.
In April 2013 the ground radio technical facilities enabling the operation of AFIS unit in Kherson were brought into service.
SIR-S Secondary Surveillance Mode S Radar was deployed in 2010 securing the high precision of radar information. It is a modern aerodrome radar employing the state-of-the-art radar surveillance and radio electronics technologies.
Since March 2014 the work of Skadovsk radar site has been arranged as well as ground radio technical facilities have been put into operation.
Since June 2014 ASMM VOLMET has been put into operation in Odesa RB.
On October 29, 2014, modern high-frequency radio stations were put into operation to provide aviation search at the sea within the FIR of Ukraine.
In December 2015, ground-based radio-telecommunication facilities for the operation of the Tower in Kherson ATS unit of Odesa RB was put into operation.
In July 2016, modern radio stations of internal-airport telecommunication were put into operation within the area of Odesa airfield.
In December 2016, in order to provide Aircraft aeronautical telecommunication in the area control center, radio stations of Aircraft aeronautical telecommunication of the VHF range, created on the basis of modern equipment of the firm "Rohde & Schwarz" (Germany), were put into operation.
Plans for development and modernization
List of Air Traffic Service Units (ATSU)
- Installation and introduction of a new up-to-date ATC System to perform the process of air traffic control
- Installation and introduction of a new mono-pulse secondary radar (MSSR) within the area of Skadovsk city
- Introduction of an ATC Simulator for a new ATC System
- Construction of a new aerodrome control tower at Odesa aerodrome
- Purchase and installation of UHF Omnidirectional DME radio beacons
- Replacement of Automatic direction-finders with up-to-the-minute ones
Odesa RB supervises Mykolaiv ATSU.